INCOME TAX INDIA
Income Tax Return is a proof that you have paid your income tax. It contains details about your annual income and the amount of tax you have paid. Every year, Indian citizens who earn taxable income have to file Income Tax Return (ITR). Filing ITR will help you in getting a refund in case you pay more tax than what you are required to pay. If you fail to file your ITR, you might have to bear penalty etc. Income tax return form ranges from ITR 1 to ITR 7 which can be choose on the basis of Nature of Income, Nature of Person.
Income Tax from Gifts
Who would be considered as relatives ?
Following persons would be considered as relative :
(a) Spouse of the individual;
(b) Brother or sister of the individual;
(c) Brother or sister of the spouse of the individual;
(d) Brother or sister of either of the parents of the individual;
(e) Any lineal ascendant or descendent of the individual;
(f) Any lineal ascendant or descendent of the spouse of the individual;
(g) Spouse of the persons referred to in (b) to (f).
What is an 'Assessment Year'?
It is the twelve-month period 1st April to 31st March immediately following the previous year [the financial year in which the income was earned]. In the Assessment year a person files his return for the income earned in the previous year. For example for Financial Year 2017-18 the Assessment Year is 2018-19.
Gift in cash(includes cheque and draft) from Non-relatives :-
In country like India, where we celebrate festivals almost every week, family function almost every month on occasion of birthdays, anniversaries etc., receipt of cash from non-relatives on these occasion is very common. Aggregate cash gift received in Previous Year (as defined u/s3 of Income Tax Act) from non-relatives will not be taxable if the amount does not exceed Rs.50,000/-.
|Cash gifts from-||Case-A||Case-B|
|Total receipts during the Previous Year||50,000||50,001|
|Taxability||Not Taxable||Fully Taxable|
Thus, even a single rupee received in excess of Rs.50,000 will make the whole amount taxable.
Gift in the form of Movable Property without consideration from Non-relatives :-
Movable Property received by Individual or HUF from anybody (non-relatives) without consideration, will not be taxable if aggregate of Fair Market Value of property received in Previous Year does not exceed Rs.50,000.
|Property received from-||Type of Property||Case-A||Case-B|
|Total receipts during the Previous Year||50,000||51,000|
|Taxability||Not Taxable||Fully Taxable|
Gift in the form of Movable Property for inadequate consideration from Non-relatives :-
Movable Property received by Individual or HUF from anybody (non-relatives) for inadequate consideration, will not be taxable if aggregate of the difference between Fair Market Value of property received in the Previous Year and Consideration actually paid by the recipient in the Previous Year does not exceed Rs.50,000.
|Property received from-||Type of Property||Fair Market Value (Rs.)(A)||Consideration actually paid by the recipient (Rs.) (B)||Difference (Rs.)(A-B)|
|Total receipts during the Previous Year||50,000|
Gift on occasion of marriage:-
On occasion of marriage an Individual can receive gifts of any amount from anybody i.e. there is no limit on the amount of gift received. E.g. Mr. Ram close friend of Miss Kausalay gifts Miss Sonia on her wedding flat worth Rs.25,00,000. This transaction is not at all taxable, as gift, in the hands of Sonia. Further, Mrs. Kausalya gets divorced and remarries Mr. Dasarath, Mr. Ram gifts her this time Gold worth Rs.25,00,000. Again this transaction is also not taxable in the hands of Miss Sonia as gifts received on re-marriage (after getting legally separated from former husband) are also not taxable. Thus, marriages can be said to be the best tool for tax planning!!!!
Any receipt without consideration or receipt with inadequate consideration from relatives (as defined under Income Tax Act) is not taxable. However, certain receipt without consideration or receipt with inadequate consideration even from non-relatives is not taxable. This can be very effectively used as a tool for tax planning.
Here, receipt without consideration or receipt with inadequate consideration includes receipt of cash, movable and immovable property. As per the Explanation provided u/s 56(2)(vii), Property means the following Capital Asset (as defined u/s 2(14)) of the assessee namely:-
a. immovable property being land or building or both;
b. shares and securities;
d. archaeological collections;
h. any work of art;[or]
Thus, receipt of above Capital Asset by Individual or HUF as gift will attract Income Tax u/s 56(2)(vii).
Gift from relatives is not at all taxable under Income Tax Act,1961 but in following cases gift from Non-Relatives is also not taxable.